Golab is joined with Iranian history and life. Iranian use it as a drug or flavor for food. Golab still has kept its important place. Planting Rose in Iran is dating back about seven thousand years these flowers are light pink roses called Mohammadi flower named after Muslim prophet, Mohammad (PBUH). Here's the reason its water is known as the holy perfume.
pril-May (Ordibehesht) is the time that rose bushes blossom in Kashan. Golab Giri ( Rose water distillation festival ) starts after picking the Mohammadi Rose’s bloom of the vast Rose gardens in Kashan. The traditional ceremony of obtaining rose hydrosol attracts a great number of people from around the country and tourists to Kashan, Qamsar, Niasar and other neighbourhood cities. Rosewater is obtained from a very sweet smelling kind of the flowers, best known as Mohammadi roses in the country. Rosewater and rose oil are major products of the damask rose. Harvesting damask rose flowers is somewhat an intensive work. It is mostly performed from dawn through morning. Delay in harvesting or transport to distillery results in decreased essential oil quantity and quality.
How to product Golab (Rose Water)
To extract the rosewater people first amass their petals to put them into the massive copper pots. Then the pots are put on traditional ovens made from bricks, stones and mud. Almost every 30 Kg of rose petals plus 80 litters of water are poured into each pot that is connected to metal pipes for the steam moving through to obtain the hydrosol. The waste of distillation is used for feeding livestock or composting.